Although it can bring benefits to individuals and society, the impact of artificial intelligence on society also have some negative view. This is how the European Commission explains the arrival of Artificial Intelligence in the lives of Europeans.
Impact of artificial intelligence on society
Artificial intelligence technology has already occurred with the entry of this in the latest generation mobile phones and total deployment will come in the coming years. Their greatest exponents are humanoid robots that are capable of imitating and performing human tasks.
With this base, Brussels is already working on the first draft of the ethical principles «for a reliable Artificial Intelligence». The text, still provisional, proposes a series of guiding principles such as supervision by human beings and respect for privacy and transparency, to achieve an “Artificial Intelligence centered on the human being”.
The working group consists of 52 experts from all areas of society working “so that people accept and use systems based on artificial intelligence need to be able to trust them and know that their privacy is respected,” explains Andrus Ansip, Vice President of the European Commission.
Laws of robotics to protect impact of artificial intelligence on society
For now, the first draft submitted by European experts consists of 36 pages summarized in two main pillars. The first of these is an ethical purpose in which, according to the speakers, artificial intelligence must respect current regulations and human rights.
This is a concept with more than 70 years old. In 1942, Isaac Asimov wrote in one of his stories called Vicious Circle, known as the laws of robotics. In particular, there are three that wrote this writer and Russian professor of biochemistry.
The first point written by Asimov stated that “a robot will not harm a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to suffer harm”.
The second norm explained the relationship between humans and robots. “A robot must comply with the orders given by human beings, with the exception of those that enter into conflict with the first law.”
Finally, Asimov’s third law of robotics is related to the second pillar written by the experts of the European Union. “Artificial intelligence should guarantee that, even when used with good intentions, the lack of technological expertise in its management does not cause unintentional harm,” explains the community draft. The draft has created to fully protect the impact of artificial intelligence on society.
A robot must protect its own existence
Asimov closed his article with the following sentence: “A robot must protect its own existence to the extent that this protection does not conflict with the first or the second law.” In the community text, the experts establish five unbreakable points.
Respect for good and not doing evil is basic in the new draft. It also establishes that the actions of artificial intelligence must be explicable and must be fair.
The draft also provides as basic values the absence of discrimination, the need for human supervision to be always possible and respect for their privacy.
The final text will be published in March 2019. This working group had opened to new suggestions and contributions for the impact of artificial intelligence on society until January 18.